Modern Library – selection by the Board and readers

  1. ULYSSESby James Joyce
  2. THE GREAT GATSBYby F. Scott Fitzgerald
  3. A PORTRAIT OF THE ARTIST AS A YOUNG MANby James Joyce
  4. LOLITAby Vladimir Nabokov
  5. BRAVE NEW WORLDby Aldous Huxley
  6. THE SOUND AND THE FURYby William Faulkner
  7. CATCH-22by Joseph Heller
  8. DARKNESS AT NOONby Arthur Koestler
  9. SONS AND LOVERSby D.H. Lawrence
  10. THE GRAPES OF WRATHby John Steinbeck
  11. UNDER THE VOLCANOby Malcolm Lowry
  12. THE WAY OF ALL FLESHby Samuel Butler
  13. 1984by George Orwell
  14. I, CLAUDIUSby Robert Graves
  15. TO THE LIGHTHOUSEby Virginia Woolf
  16. AN AMERICAN TRAGEDYby Theodore Dreiser
  17. THE HEART IS A LONELY HUNTERby Carson McCullers
  18. SLAUGHTERHOUSE-FIVEby Kurt Vonnegut
  19. INVISIBLE MANby Ralph Ellison
  20. NATIVE SONby Richard Wright
  21. HENDERSON THE RAIN KINGby Saul Bellow
  22. APPOINTMENT IN SAMARRAby John O’Hara
  23. U.S.A.(trilogy)by John Dos Passos
  24. WINESBURG, OHIOby Sherwood Anderson
  25. A PASSAGE TO INDIAby E.M. Forster
  26. THE WINGS OF THE DOVEby Henry James
  27. THE AMBASSADORSby Henry James
  28. TENDER IS THE NIGHTby F. Scott Fitzgerald
  29. THE STUDS LONIGAN TRILOGYby James T. Farrell
  30. THE GOOD SOLDIERby Ford Madox Ford
  31. ANIMAL FARMby George Orwell
  32. THE GOLDEN BOWLby Henry James
  33. SISTER CARRIEby Theodore Dreiser
  34. A HANDFUL OF DUSTby Evelyn Waugh
  35. AS I LAY DYINGby William Faulkner
  36. ALL THE KING’S MENby Robert Penn Warren
  37. THE BRIDGE OF SAN LUIS REYby Thornton Wilder
  38. HOWARDS ENDby E.M. Forster
  39. GO TELL IT ON THE MOUNTAINby James Baldwin
  40. THE HEART OF THE MATTERby Graham Greene
  41. LORD OF THE FLIESby William Golding
  42. DELIVERANCEby James Dickey
  43. A DANCE TO THE MUSIC OF TIME (series)by Anthony Powell
  44. POINT COUNTER POINTby Aldous Huxley
  45. THE SUN ALSO RISESby Ernest Hemingway
  46. THE SECRET AGENTby Joseph Conrad
  47. NOSTROMOby Joseph Conrad
  48. THE RAINBOWby D.H. Lawrence
  49. WOMEN IN LOVEby D.H. Lawrence
  50. TROPIC OF CANCERby Henry Miller
  51. THE NAKED AND THE DEADby Norman Mailer
  52. PORTNOY’S COMPLAINTby Philip Roth
  53. PALE FIREby Vladimir Nabokov
  54. LIGHT IN AUGUSTby William Faulkner
  55. ON THE ROADby Jack Kerouac
  56. THE MALTESE FALCONby Dashiell Hammett
  57. PARADE’S ENDby Ford Madox Ford
  58. THE AGE OF INNOCENCEby Edith Wharton
  59. ZULEIKA DOBSONby Max Beerbohm
  60. THE MOVIEGOERby Walker Percy
  61. DEATH COMES FOR THE ARCHBISHOPby Willa Cather
  62. FROM HERE TO ETERNITYby James Jones
  63. THE WAPSHOT CHRONICLESby John Cheever
  64. THE CATCHER IN THE RYEby J.D. Salinger
  65. A CLOCKWORK ORANGEby Anthony Burgess
  66. OF HUMAN BONDAGEby W. Somerset Maugham
  67. HEART OF DARKNESSby Joseph Conrad
  68. MAIN STREETby Sinclair Lewis
  69. THE HOUSE OF MIRTHby Edith Wharton
  70. THE ALEXANDRIA QUARTETby Lawrence Durell
  71. A HIGH WIND IN JAMAICAby Richard Hughes
  72. A HOUSE FOR MR BISWASby V.S. Naipaul
  73. THE DAY OF THE LOCUSTby Nathanael West
  74. A FAREWELL TO ARMSby Ernest Hemingway
  75. SCOOPby Evelyn Waugh
  76. THE PRIME OF MISS JEAN BRODIEby Muriel Spark
  77. FINNEGANS WAKEby James Joyce
  78. KIMby Rudyard Kipling
  79. A ROOM WITH A VIEWby E.M. Forster
  80. BRIDESHEAD REVISITEDby Evelyn Waugh
  81. THE ADVENTURES OF AUGIE MARCHby Saul Bellow
  82. ANGLE OF REPOSEby Wallace Stegner
  83. A BEND IN THE RIVERby V.S. Naipaul
  84. THE DEATH OF THE HEARTby Elizabeth Bowen
  85. LORD JIMby Joseph Conrad
  86. RAGTIMEby E.L. Doctorow
  87. THE OLD WIVES’ TALEby Arnold Bennett
  88. THE CALL OF THE WILDby Jack London
  89. LOVINGby Henry Green
  90. MIDNIGHT’S CHILDRENby Salman Rushdie
  91. TOBACCO ROADby Erskine Caldwell
  92. IRONWEEDby William Kennedy
  93. THE MAGUSby John Fowles
  94. WIDE SARGASSO SEAby Jean Rhys
  95. UNDER THE NETby Iris Murdoch
  96. SOPHIE’S CHOICEby William Styron
  97. THE SHELTERING SKYby Paul Bowles
  98. THE POSTMAN ALWAYS RINGS TWICEby James M. Cain
  99. THE GINGER MANby J.P. Donleavy
  100. THE MAGNIFICENT AMBERSONSby Booth Tarkington
  101. ATLAS SHRUGGEDby Ayn Rand
  102. THE FOUNTAINHEADby Ayn Rand
  103. BATTLEFIELD EARTHby L. Ron Hubbard
  104. THE LORD OF THE RINGSby J.R.R. Tolkien
  105. TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRDby Harper Lee
  106. 1984by George Orwell
  107. ANTHEMby Ayn Rand
  108. WE THE LIVINGby Ayn Rand
  109. MISSION EARTHby L. Ron Hubbard
  110. FEARby L. Ron Hubbard
  111. ULYSSESby James Joyce
  112. CATCH-22by Joseph Heller
  113. THE GREAT GATSBYby F. Scott Fitzgerald
  114. DUNEby Frank Herbert
  115. THE MOON IS A HARSH MISTRESSby Robert Heinlein
  116. STRANGER IN A STRANGE LANDby Robert Heinlein
  117. A TOWN LIKE ALICEby Nevil Shute
  118. BRAVE NEW WORLDby Aldous Huxley
  119. THE CATCHER IN THE RYEby J.D. Salinger
  120. ANIMAL FARMby George Orwell
  121. GRAVITY’S RAINBOWby Thomas Pynchon
  122. THE GRAPES OF WRATHby John Steinbeck
  123. SLAUGHTERHOUSE FIVEby Kurt Vonnegut
  124. GONE WITH THE WINDby Margaret Mitchell
  125. LORD OF THE FLIESby William Golding
  126. SHANEby Jack Schaefer
  127. TRUSTEE FROM THE TOOLROOMby Nevil Shute
  128. A PRAYER FOR OWEN MEANYby John Irving
  129. THE STANDby Stephen King
  130. THE FRENCH LIEUTENANT’S WOMANby John Fowles
  131. BELOVEDby Toni Morrison
  132. THE WORM OUROBOROSby E.R. Eddison
  133. THE SOUND AND THE FURYby William Faulkner
  134. LOLITAby Vladimir Nabokov
  135. MOONHEARTby Charles de Lint
  136. ABSALOM, ABSALOM!by William Faulkner
  137. OF HUMAN BONDAGEby W. Somerset Maugham
  138. WISE BLOODby Flannery O’Connor
  139. UNDER THE VOLCANOby Malcolm Lowry
  140. FIFTH BUSINESSby Robertson Davies
  141. SOMEPLACE TO BE FLYINGby Charles de Lint
  142. ON THE ROADby Jack Kerouac
  143. HEART OF DARKNESSby Joseph Conrad
  144. YARROWby Charles de Lint
  145. AT THE MOUNTAINS OF MADNESSby H.P. Lovecraft
  146. ONE LONELY NIGHTby Mickey Spillane
  147. MEMORY AND DREAMby Charles de Lint
  148. TO THE LIGHTHOUSEby Virginia Woolf
  149. THE MOVIEGOERby Walker Percy
  150. TRADERby Charles de Lint
  151. THE HITCHHIKER’S GUIDE TO THE GALAXYby Douglas Adams
  152. THE HEART IS A LONELY HUNTERby Carson McCullers
  153. THE HANDMAID’S TALEby Margaret Atwood
  154. BLOOD MERIDIANby Cormac McCarthy
  155. A CLOCKWORK ORANGEby Anthony Burgess
  156. ON THE BEACHby Nevil Shute
  157. A PORTRAIT OF THE ARTIST AS A YOUNG MANby James Joyce
  158. GREENMANTLEby Charles de Lint
  159. ENDER’S GAMEby Orson Scott Card
  160. THE LITTLE COUNTRYby Charles de Lint
  161. THE RECOGNITIONSby William Gaddis
  162. STARSHIP TROOPERSby Robert Heinlein
  163. THE SUN ALSO RISESby Ernest Hemingway
  164. THE WORLD ACCORDING TO GARPby John Irving
  165. SOMETHING WICKED THIS WAY COMESby Ray Bradbury
  166. THE HAUNTING OF HILL HOUSEby Shirley Jackson
  167. AS I LAY DYINGby William Faulkner
  168. TROPIC OF CANCERby Henry Miller
  169. INVISIBLE MANby Ralph Ellison
  170. THE WOOD WIFEby Terri Windling
  171. THE MAGUSby John Fowles
  172. THE DOOR INTO SUMMERby Robert Heinlein
  173. ZEN AND THE ART OF MOTORCYCLE MAINTENANCEby Robert Pirsig
  174. I, CLAUDIUSby Robert Graves
  175. THE CALL OF THE WILDby Jack London
  176. AT SWIM-TWO-BIRDSby Flann O’Brien
  177. FARENHEIT 451by Ray Bradbury
  178. ARROWSMITHby Sinclair Lewis
  179. WATERSHIP DOWNby Richard Adams
  180. NAKED LUNCHby William S. Burroughs
  181. THE HUNT FOR RED OCTOBERby Tom Clancy
  182. GUILTY PLEASURESby Laurell K. Hamilton
  183. THE PUPPET MASTERSby Robert Heinlein
  184. ITby Stephen King
  185. V.by Thomas Pynchon
  186. DOUBLE STARby Robert Heinlein
  187. CITIZEN OF THE GALAXYby Robert Heinlein
  188. BRIDESHEAD REVISITEDby Evelyn Waugh
  189. LIGHT IN AUGUSTby William Faulkner
  190. ONE FLEW OVER THE CUCKOO’S NESTby Ken Kesey
  191. A FAREWELL TO ARMSby Ernest Hemingway
  192. THE SHELTERING SKYby Paul Bowles
  193. SOMETIMES A GREAT NOTIONby Ken Kesey
  194. MY ANTONIAby Willa Cather
  195. MULENGROby Charles de Lint
  196. SUTTREEby Cormac McCarthy
  197. MYTHAGO WOODby Robert Holdstock
  198. ILLUSIONSby Richard Bach
  199. THE CUNNING MANby Robertson Davies
  200. THE SATANIC VERSESby Salman Rushdie

 

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The Guardian Top 100

The top 100 books of all time

Full list of the 100 best works of fiction, alphabetically by author, as determined from a vote by 100 noted writers from 54 countries as released by the Norwegian Book Clubs. Don Quixote was named as the top book in history but otherwise no ranking was provided

Wednesday May 8, 2002
Guardian Unlimited

Chinua Achebe, Nigeria, (b. 1930), Things Fall Apart
Hans Christian Andersen, Denmark, (1805-1875), Fairy Tales and Stories
Jane Austen, England, (1775-1817), Pride and Prejudice
Honore de Balzac, France, (1799-1850), Old Goriot
Samuel Beckett, Ireland, (1906-1989), Trilogy: Molloy, Malone Dies, The Unnamable
Giovanni Boccaccio, Italy, (1313-1375), Decameron
Jorge Luis Borges, Argentina, (1899-1986), Collected Fictions
Emily Bronte, England, (1818-1848), Wuthering Heights
Albert Camus, France, (1913-1960), The Stranger
Paul Celan, Romania/France, (1920-1970), Poems.
Louis-Ferdinand Celine, France, (1894-1961), Journey to the End of the Night
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Spain, (1547-1616), Don Quixote
Geoffrey Chaucer, England, (1340-1400), Canterbury Tales
Anton P Chekhov, Russia, (1860-1904), Selected Stories
Joseph Conrad, England,(1857-1924), Nostromo
Dante Alighieri, Italy, (1265-1321), The Divine Comedy
Charles Dickens, England, (1812-1870), Great Expectations
Denis Diderot, France, (1713-1784), Jacques the Fatalist and His Master
Alfred Doblin, Germany, (1878-1957), Berlin Alexanderplatz
Fyodor M Dostoyevsky, Russia, (1821-1881), Crime and Punishment; The Idiot; The Possessed; The Brothers Karamazov
George Eliot, England, (1819-1880), Middlemarch
Ralph Ellison, United States, (1914-1994), Invisible Man
Euripides, Greece, (c 480-406 BC), Medea
William Faulkner, United States, (1897-1962), Absalom, Absalom; The Sound and the Fury
Gustave Flaubert, France, (1821-1880), Madame Bovary; A Sentimental Education
Federico Garcia Lorca, Spain, (1898-1936), Gypsy Ballads
Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Colombia, (b. 1928), One Hundred Years of Solitude; Love in the Time of Cholera
Gilgamesh, Mesopotamia (c 1800 BC).
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Germany, (1749-1832), Faust
Nikolai Gogol, Russia, (1809-1852), Dead Souls
Gunter Grass, Germany, (b.1927), The Tin Drum
Joao Guimaraes Rosa, Brazil, (1880-1967), The Devil to Pay in the Backlands
Knut Hamsun, Norway, (1859-1952), Hunger.
Ernest Hemingway, United States, (1899-1961), The Old Man and the Sea
Homer, Greece, (c 700 BC), The Iliad and The Odyssey
Henrik Ibsen, Norway (1828-1906), A Doll’s House
The Book of Job, Israel. (600-400 BC).
James Joyce, Ireland, (1882-1941), Ulysses
Franz Kafka, Bohemia, (1883-1924), The Complete Stories; The Trial; The Castle Bohemia
Kalidasa, India, (c. 400), The Recognition of Sakuntala
Yasunari Kawabata, Japan, (1899-1972), The Sound of the Mountain
Nikos Kazantzakis, Greece, (1883-1957), Zorba the Greek
DH Lawrence, England, (1885-1930), Sons and Lovers
Halldor K Laxness, Iceland, (1902-1998), Independent People
Giacomo Leopardi, Italy, (1798-1837), Complete Poems
Doris Lessing, England, (b.1919), The Golden Notebook
Astrid Lindgren, Sweden, (1907-2002), Pippi Longstocking
Lu Xun, China, (1881-1936), Diary of a Madman and Other Stories
Mahabharata, India, (c 500 BC).
Naguib Mahfouz, Egypt, (b. 1911), Children of Gebelawi
Thomas Mann, Germany, (1875-1955), Buddenbrook; The Magic Mountain
Herman Melville, United States, (1819-1891), Moby Dick
Michel de Montaigne, France, (1533-1592), Essays.
Elsa Morante, Italy, (1918-1985), History
Toni Morrison, United States, (b. 1931), Beloved
Shikibu Murasaki, Japan, (N/A), The Tale of Genji Genji
Robert Musil, Austria, (1880-1942), The Man Without Qualities
Vladimir Nabokov, Russia/United States, (1899-1977), Lolita
Njaals Saga, Iceland, (c 1300).
George Orwell, England, (1903-1950), 1984
Ovid, Italy, (c 43 BC), Metamorphoses
Fernando Pessoa, Portugal, (1888-1935), The Book of Disquiet
Edgar Allan Poe, United States, (1809-1849), The Complete Tales
Marcel Proust, France, (1871-1922), Remembrance of Things Past
Francois Rabelais, France, (1495-1553), Gargantua and Pantagruel
Juan Rulfo, Mexico, (1918-1986), Pedro Paramo
Jalal ad-din Rumi, Afghanistan, (1207-1273), Mathnawi
Salman Rushdie, India/Britain, (b. 1947), Midnight’s Children
Sheikh Musharrif ud-din Sadi, Iran, (c 1200-1292), The Orchard
Tayeb Salih, Sudan, (b. 1929), Season of Migration to the North
Jose Saramago, Portugal, (b. 1922), Blindness
William Shakespeare, England, (1564-1616), Hamlet; King Lear; Othello
Sophocles, Greece, (496-406 BC), Oedipus the King
Stendhal, France, (1783-1842), The Red and the Black
Laurence Sterne, Ireland, (1713-1768), The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy
Italo Svevo, Italy, (1861-1928), Confessions of Zeno
Jonathan Swift, Ireland, (1667-1745), Gulliver’s Travels
Leo Tolstoy, Russia, (1828-1910), War and Peace; Anna Karenina; The Death of Ivan Ilyich and Other Stories
Thousand and One Nights, India/Iran/Iraq/Egypt, (700-1500).
Mark Twain, United States, (1835-1910), The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Valmiki, India, (c 300 BC), Ramayana
Virgil, Italy, (70-19 BC), The Aeneid
Walt Whitman, United States, (1819-1892), Leaves of Grass
Virginia Woolf, England, (1882-1941), Mrs. Dalloway; To the Lighthouse
Marguerite Yourcenar, France, (1903-1987), Memoirs of Hadrian


The New York Times Top 100

This list of 100 novels was drawn up by the editorial board of Modern Library. Where possible, book titles have been linked to either the original New York Times review or a later article about the book.

1. “Ulysses,” James Joyce

2. “The Great Gatsby,” F. Scott Fitzgerald

3. “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man,” James Joyce

4. “Lolita,” Vladimir Nabokov

5. “Brave New World,” Aldous Huxley

6. “The Sound and the Fury,” William Faulkner

7. “Catch-22,” Joseph Heller

8. “Darkness at Noon,” Arthur Koestler

9. “Sons and Lovers,” D. H. Lawrence

10. “The Grapes of Wrath,” John Steinbeck

11. “Under the Volcano,” Malcolm Lowry

12. “The Way of All Flesh,” Samuel Butler

13. “1984,” George Orwell

14. “I, Claudius,” Robert Graves

15. “To the Lighthouse,” Virginia Woolf

16. “An American Tragedy,” Theodore Dreiser

17. “The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter,”CarsonMcCullers

18. “Slaughterhouse Five,” Kurt Vonnegut

19. “Invisible Man,” Ralph Ellison

20. “Native Son,” Richard Wright

21. “Henderson the Rain King,” Saul Bellow

22. “Appointment in Samarra,” John O’ Hara

23. “U.S.A.” (trilogy), John Dos Passos

24. “Winesburg,Ohio,” Sherwood Anderson

25. “A Passage to India,” E. M. Forster

26. “The Wings of the Dove,” Henry James

27. “The Ambassadors,” Henry James

28. “Tender Is the Night,” F. Scott Fitzgerald

29. “The Studs Lonigan Trilogy,” James T. Farrell

30. “The Good Soldier,” Ford Madox Ford

31. “Animal Farm,” George Orwell

32. “The Golden Bowl,” Henry James

33. “Sister Carrie,” Theodore Dreiser

34. “A Handful of Dust,” Evelyn Waugh

35. “As I Lay Dying,” William Faulkner

36. “All the King’s Men,” Robert Penn Warren

37. “TheBridgeofSan LuisRey,”ThorntonWilder

38. “Howards End,” E. M. Forster

39. “Go Tell It on the Mountain,” James Baldwin

40. “The Heart of the Matter,” Graham Greene

41. “Lord of the Flies,” William Golding

42. “Deliverance,” James Dickey

43. “A Dance to the Music of Time” (series), Anthony Powell

44. “Point Counter Point,” Aldous Huxley

45. “The Sun Also Rises,” Ernest Hemingway

46. “The Secret Agent,” Joseph Conrad

47. “Nostromo,” Joseph Conrad

48. “The Rainbow,” D. H. Lawrence

49. “Women in Love,” D. H. Lawrence

50. “Tropic of Cancer,” Henry Miller

51. “The Naked and the Dead,” Norman Mailer

52. “Portnoy’s Complaint,” Philip Roth

53. “Pale Fire,” Vladimir Nabokov

54. “Light in August,” William Faulkner

55. “On the Road,” Jack Kerouac

56. “The Maltese Falcon,” Dashiell Hammett

57. “Parade’s End,” Ford Madox Ford

58. “The Age of Innocence,” Edith Wharton

59. “Zuleika Dobson,” Max Beerbohm

60. “The Moviegoer,” Walker Percy

61. “Death Comes to the Archbishop,” Willa Cather

62. “From Here to Eternity,” James Jones

63. “The Wapshot Chronicles,” John Cheever

64. “The Catcher in theRye,” J. D. Salinger

65. “A Clockwork Orange,” Anthony Burgess

66. “Of Human Bondage,”W. SomersetMaugham

67. “Heart of Darkness,” Joseph Conrad

68. “Main Street,” Sinclair Lewis

69. “The House of Mirth,” Edith Wharton

70. “The Alexandria Quartet,”Lawrence Durrell

71. “A High Wind inJamaica,” Richard Hughes

72. “A House for Ms. Biswas,” V. S. Naipaul

73. “The Day of the Locust,” Nathaniel West

74. “A Farewell to Arms,” Ernest Hemingway

75. “Scoop,” Evelyn Waugh

76. “The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie,” Muriel Spark

77. “Finnegans Wake,” James Joyce

78. “Kim,” Rudyard Kipling

79. “A Room With a View,” E. M. Forster

80. “Brideshead Revisited,” Evelyn Waugh

81. “The Adventures of Augie March,” Saul Bellow

82. “Angle of Repose,” Wallace Stegner

83. “A Bend in the River,” V. S. Naipaul

84. “The Death of the Heart,” Elizabeth Bowen

85. “Lord Jim,” Joseph Conrad

86. “Ragtime,” E. L. Doctorow

87. “The Old Wives’ Tale,”ArnoldBennett

88. “The Call of the Wild,” Jack London

89. “Loving,” Henry Green

90. “Midnight’s Children,” Salman Rushdie

91. “Tobacco Road,” Erskine Caldwell

92. “Ironweed,” William Kennedy

93. “The Magus,” John Fowles

94. “WideSargasso Sea,” Jean Rhys

95. “Under the Net,” Iris Murdoch

96. “Sophie’s Choice,” William Styron

97. “The Sheltering Sky,” Paul Bowles

98. “The Postman Always Rings Twice,” James M. Cain

99. “The Ginger Man,” J. P. Donleavy

100. “The Magnificent Ambersons,” Booth Tarkington